The Anambra Waxbill (Estrilda poliopareia) is a species of estrildid finch found in wetter land of southern Nigeria. It has an estimated global extent of occurrence of 38,000 kmē.
Anambra Waxbill is approximately 12 cm long. This species is a dun-coloured finch with reddish brown bill and rump. At closer look, it will give a very fine barring on upperparts, sides of breast and flanks, with unusual pale eyes. It has a typical waxbill-like tzzzt call.
Anambra Waxbill lives in small flocks of up to 20 birds or more. It appears to be found at southern Nigeria, and is known with certainty from only five reported data. It is usually found in long grass along rivers, lagoon sandbanks, marshes, swamps and forest. It feeds principally on grass seeds taken from seedheads.
No conservation measures are untaken yet. However, it was proposed to conduct population surveys to determine its distribution, habitat requirements and potential threats. It was also proposed to study its behaviour, voice and DNA to clarify its taxonomic relationship with the Fawn-breasted Waxbill (E. paludicola).