The Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse, Pterocles exustus, is a species of sandgrouse. They are found in sparse, bushy, arid land which is common in central and northern Africa, and southern Asia. Though they live in hot, arid climates, they are highly reliant on water. They have been known to travel up to 50 miles in one day in search of water. Their diets consist mainly of seeds, grasses, herbs, and mustand leaves.
In the 1960s many birds were captured using clap traps from Rajasthan in India and introduced into Nevada.