The Fawn-breasted Waxbill (Estrilda paludicola) is a common species of estrildid finch found in central Africa. It has an estimated global extent of occurrence of 1,800,000 kmē. Estrilda paludicola, E. ochrogaster and E. poliopareia have been lumped into E. paludicola Dowsett and Forbes-Watson (1993).
The Fawn-breasted Waxbill is commonly found in subtropical/ tropical (lowland) wet grassland habitsts in Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda & Zambia. However, it also inhabits dry forest and dry shrubland habitats. The status of the species is evaluated as Least Concern.