The Black-and-orange Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa is a species of flycatcher endemic to the central and southern Western Ghats, in southern India.
A distinctly coloured bird found only in the high-elevation areas of the Western Ghats. Found at elevations of 1000m to the highest peaks. The best population of this bird is found in the high elevations areas of Nilgiris, Palani Hills and Kannan Devan Hills. To the north, it occurs till Kudremukh National Park and Bababudan Hills and south till Ashambu Hills. It breeds from March to May and lays two eggs (rarely three). The nest is unlike that of most flycatchers and is large, coarse, ball-like and made from sedges. The nest has a foundation of dry leaves and ferns. The nest has an external diameter of at least 6 inches and the egg cavity is devoid of lining and about 2 inches in diameter and 2 inches deep. The nest is placed usually at the centre of a bush at about 1 to 3 feet height with an entrance hole close to the top.