The Chestnut-backed thrush (Zoothera dohertyi) is a ground thrush species endemic to Lombok, Timor and the Lesser Sunda Islands in Indonesia. The species is rapidly declining and it is already extinct on Lombok and possibly on Lesser Sunda. There are only 9 European zoos which hold this species, including: - Bristol Zoo, Chester Zoo, Jersey Zoo, Burgers zoo and Waddesdon Manor bird gardens. eight of these zoos successfully breed them and there are now 63 of them in captivity.
A European species, the Fieldfare, was once also known by this name .
The binomial name of this bird commemorates the American entomologist William Doherty.