The Cuban Black Hawk (Buteogallus gundlachii) is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes the eagles, hawks and Old World vultures.
It is endemic to the island of Cuba, where restricted to coastal areas. It has traditionally been considered a subspecies of the Common Black Hawk (B. anthracinus), but recent evidence suggests it should be treated as a separate species. Consequently, the AOU formally acknowledged it as a species in 2007.
Its status was first evaluated for the IUCN Red List in 2008, being listed as near threatened.