The Fiery-capped Manakin (Machaeropterus pyrocephalus) is a species of bird in the Pipridae family, the manakins. It is one of three species in the genus Machaeropterus.
It is found in the southern Amazon Basin of Brazil, southeast Peru, and northern Bolivia; also Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
The species is named for its brite-yellow head feathers.
Tapajós River range, and Peru-Bolivia
The Fiery-capped Manakin's range occurs in the south-central Amazon Basin, then spreads east-west, and is mostly associated with River drainages. The range, shaped like an inverted "Y" starts at the Amazon River outlet in southern Amapá state and Pará. At the Tapajós-Amazon River confluence, the range goes south, upstream on the Tapajós and forks east-west. The eastern range extends to the upstream third of the Xingu River, then further east to the upstream half of the Araguaia in the Araguaia-Tocantins River system. The range narrows eastward another 600 km at the very headwaters of the adjacent Tocantins River.
The westward extension of the range covers northern Amazonian Bolivia, the tributary headwaters to the northeast-flowing Madeira River; the range continues through southeast and central Amazonian Peru beyond the north-flowing Amazon River tributary, the Ucayali River.
Two small disjunct populations of the Fiery-capped Manakin occur; one in northeast Roraima state on the south-flowing Branco River; the other further northwest on the lower reaches of the Caribbean-flowing Orinoco River in east-central Venezuela, 500 km upstream.