The Hooded Tinamou Nothocercus nigrocapillus is a type of ground bird found in forests of Bolivia and Peru.
Tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also Ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. Ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and Tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.
Hooded Tinamou has two subspecies:
- N. nigrocapillus cadwaladeri occurs in the Andes of northwestern Peru.
- N. nigrocapillus nigrocapillus occurs in the Andes of central Peru and Bolivia.
Habitat and Range
The hooded tinamou is found in montane moist forest up to 1,550"?3,000 m (5,100"?9,800 ft) altitude. This species is native to the Andes in Bolivia and Peru.
Hooded Tinamou is light brown above and narrowly freckled with black in color. It is paler below with dusky bars, belly pale-spotted, and averages 33 cm (13 in) long.
Like other Tinamous, the Bartlett's eats fruit off the ground or low-lying bushes. They also eat small amounts of invertebrates, flower buds, tender leaves, seeds, and roots. The male incubates the eggs which may come from as many as 4 different females, and then will raise them until they are ready to be on their own, usually 2-3 weeks. The nest is located on the ground in dense brush or between raised root buttresses.
This species has an estimated global extent of occurrence of 35,000 km2 (14,000 sq mi).