The Lesser Antillean Macaw (Ara guadeloupensis) also known as Guadeloupe Macaw is a hypothetical extinct species of macaw species from the Antilles island of Guadeloupe. It was first described in detail by Jean-Baptiste Du Tertre in 1654 and 1657 and later in 1742 by Jean Baptiste Labat. This species was similar coloured like the Scarlet Macaw, however, it was smaller with a red tail and yellow wing patches. The Lesser Antillean Macaw was endemic to the islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique which belong to the Lesser Antilles.
Rothschild distinguished two different macaws, the Mythical Macaw (Ara (sic!) purpurascens) and the Martinique Yellow and Blue Macaw (Anadorhynchus (sic!) martinicus) (Syn: Ara erythrura , Ara martinica). By 1760 the Lesser Antillean Macaw was extremely rare and shortly after it became extinct.
Today it is not possible to know if these species really did differ, or if they were introduced parrots of a species scientifically described native to the mainland of South America or another island.