The Madagascar Sparrowhawk (Accipiter madagascariensis) is a species of bird of prey in the Accipitridae family.
It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, dry savanna, and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.
It is threatened by habitat loss.
It may form a superspecies with Eurasian Sparrowhawk (A. nisus) and Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk (A. rufiventris) (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001).