The Magellanic Woodpecker (Campephilus magellanicus) is a very large woodpecker resident to Chile along the Andes, and to some parts of South-Western Argentina. This species is the southern-most example of the Genus Campephilus, which includes the famous Ivory-billed Woodpecker.
The Magellanic Woodpecker is 36-38 cm in length. Males of this species weigh 312-363g, and females weigh 276-312g.
This species is mainly black, with a white wing patch and a grey, chisel-like beak. Males have a crimson head and crest. Females have a mainly black head, but there is an area of red coloration near the base of the bill. Juvenile Magellanic Woodpeckers resemble females of the species, but have a smaller crest and are browner in color. In its range, this bird is unmistakable in appearance.
Magellanic Woodpeckers inhabit mature Nothofagus and Nothofagus-Austrocedrus forests, where they feed mainly on grubs and adult beetles, but also of small reptiles. They breed in late fall to early winter, digging a nest cavity 5-15m above the ground. Females lay 1-4 eggs.
The most common calls of the Magellanic Woodpecker are a nasal "keé-yew"? and "pi-caá"?. Like many species in Campephilus, their drum is a loud double knock.