The Montserrat Oriole, Icterus oberi, is a medium-sized black-and-yellow icterid (the same family as many blackbirds, meadowlarks, cowbirds, grackles, and others, including the New World orioles).
It inhabits a small area on the island of Montserrat in the Lesser Antilles. It has been classified by BirdLife International as critically endangered, with a current estimated population of between 200 and 800. Much of its habitat was destroyed by volcanic activity between 1995 and 1997.
The binomial of this bird commemorates the American naturalist Frederick Albion Ober.