The Red-eared Parrotfinch Erythrura coloria is a species of estrildid finch endemic to Mindanao in the Philippines.
The species inhabits forest understorey and edge, second growth and grassy clearings at altitude over 1,000 m. The status of the species is evaluated as Near Threatened.
The Red-eared Parrotfinch is probably being present on every mountain in central Mindanao. It is a very unobtrusive and secretive bird. And its high-pitched call is easily overlooked. On voice, however, it appears to be not uncommon at Kitanglad. Unlike the Green-faced Parrotfinch E. viridifacies, it does not appear to be strongly allied to bamboo, and is therefore less irruptive, unpredictable and inherently vulnerable than that species.