The Red-necked Francolin (Francolinus afer), also known as the Red-necked Spurfowl, is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. Formerly classified as a spurfowl, it is now regarded as a member of the Francolinus genus.
The Red-necked Francolin breeds across the central belt of Africa and down the east coast to Tanzania.
It is 25"?38cm in length, with a significant size difference between the subspecies, of which there are seven. It is a generally dark francolin, brown above and black-streaked grey or white underparts. The bill, bare facial skin, neck and legs are bright red.
The Red-necked Francolin is a wary species, keeping to deep cover, although it sometimes feeds in open scrub or cultivation if disturbance is limited and there are thickets nearby. The nest is a bare scrape, and three to nine eggs are laid.
Widespread and common throughout its large range, the Red-necked Francolin is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.