The Rock Parrot (Neophema petrophila), known alternately as Rock Elegant, is a parrot endemic to coastal South Australia and southern Western Australia, as well as offshore islands. Among the islands they are found on are Rottnest Island. It is a small, predominantly olive green parrot. Grass seeds form the bulk of its diet.
The Rock Parrot was described by ornithologist John Gould in 1841, its specific name petrophila derived from the Greek petros/?????? 'rock' and philos/????? 'loving'.
The Rock Parrot is 22 cm (8½ in) long and predominantly olive-brown in colour with a dark blue frontal band line above with lighter blue. The lores and parts of the cheek are pale blue, this is less extensive in females. The breast is olive-grey, and duller in females, while abdomen and vent are yellow. The wings are predominantly olive with outer flight feathers blue. The yellow edged tail has shades of olive and blue. The bill and legs are grey and the eyes dark brown. Juveniles are duller and lack the frontal bands.
Distribution and habitat
Rocky islands and coastal dune areas are the preferred habitats for this species, which is found from Robe, South Australia westwards across coastal South and Western Australia to Shark Bay.
Rock Parrots eat seeds of grasses, shrubs and succulent plants, such as Carpobrotus species, in coastal habitats. They can be approached easily while feeding.