The Solitary Eagle, Harpyhaliaetus solitarius, is a large neotropical eagle.
Range and Habitat
The Solitary Eagle is native to Mexico and Central and South America. It is found in mountainous or hilly forests. Records from lowlands, while often reported, are usually misidentifications of another species, usually Common Black Hawk. There are no confirmed reports from lowlands. It is rare in all areas and poorly known.
The adult Solitary Eagle is uniformly dark gray, often appearing black, with white markings on the tail. It is 63-76 cm (25 to 30 inches) long, with a 152-188 cm (60 to 74 inch) wingspan. It appears very similar to the Common Black Hawk and Great Black Hawk, but is much larger and has significantly broader wings, extending nearly to the tip of the tail. The exceptionally broad wings are one of the prime distinguishing characteristics of this species.
The juvenile is mottled brown and tan, with markings around the eyes. It otherwise resembles the adult.
Recent studies have shown that the Solitary Eagle is closely related to the black-hawks. Therefore, it may not merit a separate genus.