The Yellow-browed Tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum) is a species of bird in the Tyrannidae family, the tyrant flycatchers. It is found mainly in the southern Amazon Basin of Brazil, also Amazonian Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia; the species is recorded in Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical swamps, and heavily degraded former forest.
Southern Amazon Basin and Rio Negro
The range of the Yellow-browed Tody-flycatcher is mainly in the southern Amazon Basin, and in the east limited by the Amazon River; in the southeast, its range extends eastward including Ilha de Marajo and the last downstream region of only the Tocantins River, of the Araguaia-Tocantins River system. This southeast extension of the range ends in central-(northern) Maranhão state, in the Baia de Sao Marcos region at the Atlantic Ocean.
In the western Amazon Basin, it ranges into the southern regions of the northwest Basin, and is limited by the Rio Negro that extends to its upstream tributaries in south-central Colombia.